Reports (German language)


Verbundbericht Modul A MOSAIK Phase 1

Verbundbericht Modul B 3DO Phase 1

Verbundbericht Modul C UseUClim Phase 1

Verbundbericht Modul C KliMoPrax Phase 1

Evaluationsbericht PALM-4U (Modul C)

Evaluation Report (Working group Model Evaluation) Part 1

Evaluation Report (Working group Model Evaluation) Part 2

Handbuch: PALM-4U für die Praxis

Nutzer- und Anforderungskatalog PALM-4U




Straaten, A., Meier, F., Scherer, D., Weber, S. (2022): Significant reduction of ultrafine particle emission fluxes to the urban atmosphere during the COVID-19 lockdown. Science of the Total Environment 838, 156516. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.156516

Gronemeier, T., Surm, K., Harms, F., Leitl, B., Maronga, B., Raasch, S. (2021): Evaluation of the dynamic core of the PALM model system 6.0 in a neutrally stratified urban environment: comparison between LES and wind-tunnel experiments. Geosci. Model Dev., 14 (6), 3317–3333. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-14-1171-2021

Khan, B., Banzhaf, S., Chan, E.C., Forkel, R., Kanani-Sühring, F., Ketelsen, K., Kurppa, M., Maronga, B., Mauder, M., Raasch, S., Russo, E., Schaap, M., Sühring, M. (2021): Development of an Atmospheric Chemistry Model coupled to the PALM Model System 6.0: Implementation and First Applications, Geosci. Model Dev., 14 (2), 1171–1193. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-14-1171-2021

Fallmann, J., Emeis, S. (2020): How to bring urban and global climate studies together with urban planning and architecture? Developments in the Built Environment, 4, 9. DOI: 10.1016/j.dibe.2020.100023

Heldens, W., Burmeister, C., Kanani-Sühring, F., Maronga, B., Pavlik, D., Sühring, M., Zeidler, J., Esch, T. (2020): Geospatial input data for the PALM model system 6.0: model requirements, data sources, and processing. Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 5833–5873. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-13-5833-2020

Klausner, T., Mertens, M., Huntrieser, H., Baumann, R., Galkowski, M., Kuhlmann, G., Fiehn, A., Jöckel, P., Pühl, M., Roiger, A. (2020): Urban greenhouse gas emissions from the Berlin area: A case study on aircraft-based CO2 and CH4 in situ observations in summer 2018. Elem Sci Anth, 8(1), p.15. DOI: 10.1525/elementa.411

Maronga, B. et al. (2020): Overview of the PALM model system 6.0. Geosci. Model Dev., 13, p. 1335–1372. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-13-1335-2020

Gronemeier, T. and M. Sühring (2019): On the Effects of Lateral Openings on Courtyard Ventilation and Pollution – a Large-Eddy Simulation Study. Atmosphere, 10 (2), 63. DOI: 2073-4433/10/2/63

Halbig, G., Steuri B., Büter B., Heese I., Schultze J., Stecking M., Stratbücker S., Willen L., Winkler M. (2019): User requirements and case studies to evaluate the practicability and usability of the urban climate model PALM-4U. – Met. Z. Vol. 28, 2, 139–146.

Kurppa M., A. Hellsten, P. Roldin, H. Kokkola, J. Tonttila, C. Kent, P. Kumar, B. Maronga, and L. Järvi (2019): Implementation of the sectional aerosol module SALSA into the PALM model system 6.0: Model development and first evaluation, Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 1403–1422. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-2018-282

Scherer, D., Ament F., Emeis S., Fehrenbach U., Leitl B., Scherber K., Schneider C., Vogt U. (2019): Three-dimensional observation of atmospheric processes in three German cities. Met. Z., Vol. 28, 2, 121-138. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2019/0911

Scherer, D., Antretter F., Bender S., Cortekar J., Emeis S., Fehrenbach U., Groß G., Halbig G., Hasse J., Maronga B., Raasch S., Scherber K. (2019): Urban Climate Under Change [UC]2 - A National  Research Programme for Developing a Building-Resolving Atmospheric Model for Entire City Regions. Met. Z., Vol. 28, 2, 95-104. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2019/0913

Li H., Meier F., Lee X., Chakraborty T., Liu J., Schaap M., Sodoudi S. (2018): Interaction between urban heat island and urban pollution island during summer in Berlin. Science of The Total Environment, 636, 818–828. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.254

Maronga, B., G. Groß, S. Raasch, S. Banzhaf, R. Forkel, W. Heldens, F. Kanani-Sühring, A. Matzarakis, M. Mauder, D. Pavlik, J. Pfafferott, S. Schubert, G. Seckmeyer, H. Sieker, K. Trusilova (2018): Development of a new urban climate model based on the model PALM - Project overview, planned work, and first achievements, Met. Z., Vol. 28, 2, 105-119. DOI: 10.1127/metz/2019/0909

Sodoudi S., Zhang H., Chi X., Müller F., Li H. (2018): The influence of spatial configuration of green areas on microclimate and thermal comfort. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 34, 85-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2018.06.002

Gronemeier, T., S. Raasch, and E. Ng (2017): Effects of Unstable Stratification on Ventilation in Hong Kong. Atmosphere, 8 (9), 168. DOI: 10.3390/atmos8090168

Resler, J., P. Krc, M. Belda, P. Jurus, N. Benesova, J. Lopata, O. Vlcek, D. Damaskova, K. Eben, P. Derbek, B. Maronga, and F. Kanani-Sühring, 2017: PALM-USM v1.0: A new urban surface model integrated into the PALM large-eddy simulation model, Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 3635–3659. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-10-3635-2017

For further publications and conference proceedings check out the Modules’ websites:

Module A

Module B

Modul C